Faculty Research Foci
There are vast opportunities for research and collaboration here at Ohio State, ranging from bioengineering to polymers and nanomaterials. Using both applied and theoretical/simulation methods of investigation, CBE's research foci include:
(1) cancer / biomedical / and nano-bioscience and technology;
(3) sustainable engineering and the environment; and
(4) high-performance materials.
Come of CBE's specific research achievements include:
- World leader in chemical looping processes that conserve resources and reduce emissions;
- 'One-touch healing' tissue-regenerating nanochip;
- Development of world's most cubic ice;
- Groundbreaking research in self-cleaving affinity tag technology for protein purification;
- Leadership in nanobiotech and the development of magnetic quantum dots for diagnostics;
- Innovative membranes for gas separations;
- Immunomagnetic cell separation, cancer diagnostics and cell migration;
- Tissue engineering and biomaterials for transfusion medicine;
- Cutting-edge research in catalysis;
- Polymer-based nanoengineering which has led to new materials and devices benefitting manufacturing processes and medical diagnostics;
- Pioneering research in sustainable engineering.
Our research expenditures average $8M annually -- an average of $400,000 per faculty. Funds from entities such as the Department of Energy, NIH, NSF, and DARPA help create opportunities for student researchers.
More than 40 research centers and laboratories provide students with access to state-of-the-art facilities for research and teaching.
FACULTY RESEARCH AREAS
Bioengineering & Biotechnology are broad terms that involve the application of engineering principles to biological processes. Research in CBE involves 10 faculty and covers a broad range of relevant topics including cell and tissue culture (Chalmers, Winter, Wood, Yang), separations (Chalmers, Ho, Reátegui, Winter, Wood), drug delivery (Palmer, Swindle-Reilly, Winter, Wood), imaging (Reátegui, Winter), and the development of medical diagnostics and therapies (Lee, Palmer, Reátegui, Winter, Wood), as well as biomaterials (Cooper, Palmer, Swindle-Reilly, Winter).
Understanding the behavior of colloids, aerosols, and small particles is important in both natural and industrial settings. Research in CBE includes fundamental studies of particle nucleation from the vapor phase (Kusaka, Wyslouzil), the growth, structure and freezing of nanodroplets (Wang, Wyslouzil), self-assembly of block-co-polymer micelles in the liquid phase (Hall, Wang, Winter, Wyslouzil), and the development of reactors based on fluidization of small particles (Fan, Tong).
Fluid Mechanics/Multiphase Flow
Fluid mechanics and multiphase flow are fundamental research areas that support the chemical process industry. Currently, focus is largely on the complex multiphase flows (Fan, Tong) that characterize fluidized bed reactors.
Molecular Thermodynamics/Molecular Simulation
A strong understanding of molecular thermodynamics is critical to our ability to predict the behavior of matter. Furthermore, the ability to simulate the properties of materials accurately can lead to significant insight into the underlying phenomena and, ultimately, the design of novel materials. Research in CBE within this focus area extends from experimental work (Tomasko) to theory/simulation (Asthagiri, Hall, Kusaka, Lin, Rathman, Wyslouzil). Research is driven by problems in the fields of catalysis and energy related materials (Asthagiri, Lin), polymers (Hall, Tomasko), dynamics of phase transitions (Kusaka, Hall, Wyslouzil), and chemical toxicity (Rathman).
The department has had a long history of research in the area of polymers and nanomaterials. Current focus is largely in the biomaterials and biological arena (Cooper, Lee, Swindle-Reilly, Winter), polymer membranes and nanoporous materials (Ho, Lin), rheology and polymer processing (Koelling), and polymer theory/simulation (Hall). In 2019, two new faculty with expertise in the polymer/nanomaterials area will join the department. William Wang’s research explores how imperfect structures in liquid crystalline soft matter can be leveraged to design and synthesize materials with unusual function and structure, whereas Xiaoxue Wang explores novel ways to grow flexible circuits using chemical vapor deposition.
Meeting human needs while addressing and adapting to challenges posed by environmental change, resource depletion, and ecological deterioration is among the grand challenges facing humanity. In addition to directly addressing technological problems related to using or creating energy effectively (Asthagiri, Fan, Ho, Lin, Ozkan, Tong), or environmental issues (Ozkan, Wyslouzil), this research focus also considers the broader problems of process engineering and sustainability (Bakshi, Paulson).
Led by senior faculty members Fan, Ho, and Ozkan, reaction engineering and catalysis have long been strong focal points in the department. With the addition of Asthagiri, Brunelli, Lin and Tong this area has gained depth both experimentally (Brunelli, Tong) and computationally (Asthagiri, Lin). Topics of interest are largely focused on energy and environmental problems, and include the development of heterogeneous catalysts and reactors for biomass conversion (Brunelli, Fan, Ozkan, Tong), for waste water treatment (Ozkan, Ho), for fuel cells (Asthagiri, Ozkan, Ho), and for efficient conversion of coal and natural gas (Asthagiri, Ozkan, Brunelli, Fan, Tong).